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Glossary of Terms


B’rakhot - Blessing

Biet Diyn HaGadol - The council of the High Priest which established Halakhah for the Jewish people (a Sanhedrin)

Galut - The dispersion of the Jewish people throughout the world, the Diaspora

Geyr (pl. Geyrim) - A Gentile who has become obedient to the covenant God made with Israel but has not undergone the rite of circumcision

Goy (pl. Goyim)- A Gentile, a pagan, nations

Halakhah - “The way things are done”, Jewish legal tradition, the rules for the community of Israel, the application of Torah to everyday life

Kashrut - The laws governing what may and may not be eaten, ‘kosher’

Mishna- Code of Jewish law promulgated by Judah the Prince, codified around 200 C.E.

Mishpaht - Judgements handed down by Jewish courts since the time of Moshe that have applied Torah to the lives of the people in every generation

Mitzvot - The commandments of Torah

Nasi - The leader of the Natzrim in Yerushalyim, loosly corresponding to ‘bishop’

Natzrim - What the early followers of Yahushua from Natzaret were called, Nazarenes

Pesach - Passover

P’rushim - Pharisees

Rav- One who has much knowledge, loosly; a Rabbi

Ruach haKodesh - The Holy Spirit

Sha’ul - Saul, Paul

Shavu’ot - The Feast of Firstfruits, Pentecost

Shimon - Simon (Kefa-Peter)

Talmidim - The Twelve Disciples of Yahushua

talmidim (sing. talmid)- A disciple of Yahushua who seeks to live according to his example and in accordance with His teaching

Tenakh - The Torah, the Prophets and Writings

Torah- The five books of Moshe (Moses), Genesis through Deuteronomy

Tzaddik - An exceptionally righteous and Torah-obedient person

Ya’akov -Jacob or James

Yahushua haMashiyak - The Messiah (Mashiyakh), the Son of God, born of a virgin, perfect in life, executed by Pilate, and resurrected three days later

Y’hudah- Judah

Yerushalyim- Jerusalem

Yochannan - John